The county lies on the western border of Romania and Arad is the capital city, with a population of 167.000.
Its current territory was set in 1968 and, due to its proximity to the border, many foreign companies were settled here. Consequently, at present Arad is one of the richest counties in Romania. In terms of geographical features, Zarandului Mountains are part of the eastern wall of the Transylvanian Mountain Range. Also, there are two rivers that flow through Arad County: Mures and Crisul Alb.
The Arad Fortress was first mentioned in 1100. The fortress and its surroundings were repeatedly destroyed by the Tatars and the Turks, but also by Dózsa's army. In 1551, it was conquered by the Turks and in 1555 was invaded by the new Arad. Several nationalities lived together in the city, well known as a meeting and shopping place. In 2002, the number of the population was 191.473, 83,66% Romanian and 11,94% Hungarian.
The most important attraction of the capital city is The Liberty Statue, which can be found in the Reconciliation Square (Megbékélés tér). The statue was created by Zala György and it was inaugurated in 1890, in the memory of the martyrs. After World War I the authorities wanted to remove the statue, later they boarded it up, and it did not get back to its original place until 2004.
The Water Tower, which is a symbol of Arad, was built in 1896. The 25 meters high tower provided water for drinking and other uses. If you visit Arad, you should not miss the Roman Catholic Cathedral. At the entrance of the Renaissance style church there is a copy of Michelangelo's statue "Pieta" and, inside the church, the wonderful sounds of the organ please the ear.
One of the most popular tourist attractions is Neptun Beach, the second biggest European beach, built beside a river. Numerous species of plants cover the 40 hectares of the beach, which also has 5 swimming pools.